1st Gup – Red Belt

Belt Meaning

Red represents blood, life, energy, attention and control. The student’s power and techniques begin to bloom and ripen. 


14 Attitude Requirements to Master Tang Soo Do 

  1. Purpose of training should be enhancement of mental and physical betterment.
  2. Serious approach.
  3. All out effort
  4. Maintain regular and constant practice.
  5. Practice basic techniques all the time.
  6. Regularly spaced practice sessions.
  7. Always listen to and follow the directions of instructors or seniors.
  8. Do not be overly ambitious.
  9. Frequently inspect your own achievements.
  10. Always follow a routine and truing schedule.
  11. Repeatedly practice all techniques already learned.
  12. When you learn new techniques, learn thoroughly the theory and philosophy as well.
  13. When you begin to feel idle, try to overcome this.
  14. Cleanliness is required after training. Keep yourself and your surroundings clean.

Meaning of South Korea’s Flag

  • Tae Kuek Ki: name of flag in Korean
  • Um Yang: a circle divided equally and in perfect balance. It is the ancient symbol of the creation of the universe representing opposing yet complementary forces. Although in constant movement, balance and harmony are maintained. 
    • Um: The lower blue section. Soft, Cold Force.
    • Yang: The upper red section. Hard, Hot Force.
  • 3 Solid Lines: Upper Left – Heaven
  • 3 Broken Lines: Lower Right – Earth
  • 1 Broken Center Line: Lower Left – Fire
  • 1 Solid Center Line: Upper Right – Water 

Meaning of the United States of America’s Flag

  • Adopted: originally 14 June 1777 by the Second Continental Congress. It has since gone through 26 modifications to produce the flag we have today.
  • Stars: The star is a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial. Fifty stars represent fifty states of the union.
  • Stripes: The stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun. Thirteen stripes represent thirteen colonies that declared independence from Great Britain to form the United States of America.
  • Colors: Red, White and Blue
    • Red: valor, bravery and sacrifice
    • White: purity, innocence and peace
    • Blue: vigilance, perseverance and justice

Association Symbol – Insignia

  • Six Stars: Represents the six inhabited continents and shows that Tang Soo Do is now worldwide.
  • Um, Yang:  Red and Blue alf circle symbol represents universal concept of opposing but complementary forces. It is also the central symbol of the Korean flag where Tang Soo Do originated. 
  • Flying Side Kick: Represents the special and unique character of Tang Soo Do and the whole person concept. 
  • Red Circle: unity and Brotherhood.
  • Globe: Means our organization covers the world.
  • Bottom Belt: Masters’ Belt – Represents the ultimate goal of all Tang Soo Do students.
  • Practitioner: Mastering the Art of Tang Soo Do
  • Color Combination: Red, Blue and Black

Be able to define and provide examples of the Seven Tenets of Tang Soo Do

Meaning of Tang Soo Do: Student Manual, page 9 

Brief History of Korea and Korean Martial Arts: Student Manual, pages 9-14

Who is our Founder: Student Manual, pages 17-19

Name the Vital Points: Student Manual, page 22-23

What is the Structure of a Training Class:

  1. Open Class
  2. Pep Talk
  3. Warm-Up (possibly forms) and stretching
  4. Basics and Fundamentals (appropriate to belt level)
  5. Pad and Target Work (feel the force)
  6. Forms/One-Steps
  7. Aerials/Jumping
  8. Sparring (One-Steps, Focus Drill, free sparring)
  9. Verbal Applications or Mat Chat
  10. Close Class


Hands: (Continue to Refine)
All learned techniques from Chun Kul Ja Seh and Hu Kul Ja Seh.
Required Two to Three Hand Combinations (connecting and simultaneous)
Link Combinations of Hand and Foot Techniques
Yuk Soo
Yuk Jin

Required Two to Three Technique Combinations
Link Combinations of Hand and Foot Techniques
Double Leg Kicking (Same and Separate Techniques; Legs Together and Separated)
Flying Kicks

Front Stance (Chun Kul Ja Seh)
Horse Riding Stance (Kee Ma Ja Seh)
Fighting Stance (Hu Kul Ja Seh)
Side Stance (Sa Ko Rip Ja Seh)


Each belt grade has a hyung (form) requirement. Most grades only have one new form. Below is the hyung required to advance to 1st Gup.

Soo Ki Dae Ryun

Students will learn two self-defense techniques at each grade utilizing some type of block, evasion, and/or counter strike.

  1. Three Stooges
  2. Chiny Chin Chin

Jo Ki Dae Ryun

Students will learn two self-defense techniques at each grade utilizing some type of block, evasion and/or counterstrike.

  1. Spin and Hook
  2. Spin Hook & Slap

Ho Sin Sul

Students will learn two self-defense techniques at each grade utilizing some type of joint manipulation or throw.

  1. Donkey Kick & Monkey Arms
  2. Double Lapel (4 again)


The WTSDA only has four official weapons required for training: Bo Staff, Knife, Sword, and Cane. To advance to 1st Gup, you will demonstrate refinement and fluidity of the first Bo Staff Form, Bong Hyung Il Bu.

Sparring Drills

One on One (MEDIUM contact)
Two on One (LIGHT contact – touch uniform only!)

Won-Hyong Dae-Ryun (Partner Sparring looping and focus Drill):
Red Belt: 180 Hook Kick, Jump Switch Front Kick, Front punch, Sliding side kick
Download the full drill here


1 to 2 Boards utilizing hand or foot technique (children under 16 must use a foot technique)
1 to 2 Boards utilizing a jumping foot technique
1 Board Speed Break with hand or foot

%d bloggers like this: